The role of force networks in granular materials

The role of force networks in granular materials
Karen Daniels, Physics, North Carolina State University
Karen Daniels
Date and time: Thu, Oct 05, 2017 - 11:30am
Refreshments at 11:15am
Location: LGRT 1033
Category: Condensed Matter Seminar
Abstract:

Granular materials are inherently heterogeneous, and continuum models of properties such as the shear modulus and sound speed often fail to quantitatively capture their dynamics. This lack of understanding has serious consequences for the engineering of both geotechnical applications, and the industrial storage and handling of granular materials. One likely reason for these difficulties is that boundary stresses are transmitted via a chain-like network of strong forces. In my talk, I will describe several experiments on two-dimensional photoelastic granular materials which bridge particle-scale, meso-scale, and continuum-scale approaches. These experiments allow us to both investigate the statistical ensembles from which force networks are drawn, as well as probe their effects on mechanical properties such as sound transmission and rheology.