Probing Many-Body States in Nanostructures: Pseudo-spin Resolved Transport Spectroscopy of the Kondo Effect

Sami Amasha, Stanford University, Department of Physics
In strongly-correlated materials, such as high-temperature superconductors and heavy fermion compounds, electrons form many-body states with properties different from those of non-interacting electrons. A simpler and better understood example of electron correlations is the Kondo effect, which describes how spins of conduction electrons screen the spin of a localized electron that has degenerate spin states (spin-up and spin-down in the case of a localized spin-1/2 electron). The Kondo effect results in a many-body ground state that produces spin correlations. Electrical transport measurements of a single quantum dot can probe Kondo physics; however, to directly access the spin correlations one needs spin-resolved measurements. We address this challenge by using the orbital states of a double quantum dot as pseudo-spin states: an electron on the left/right dot is associated with pseudo-spin up/down. When the energies of these pseudo-spin states are degenerate, Kondo screening occurs. We establish a correspondence between spin Kondo in a single dot and pseudo-spin Kondo in double dots. We use this to show that our pseudo-spin resolved spectroscopy measurements of the Kondo state in a double dot correspond to predictions for spin-resolved spectroscopy of spin Kondo. Finally, we explore the interplay between orbital and spin degeneracy in this double dot system.
Category: 
Condensed Matter Seminar
Location: 
LGRT 1033
Date & time: 
Thursday, February 23, 2012 - 11:15am - Refreshments at 11:00am